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What Is Annual Recurring Revenue (ARR)?

SaaS business metrics such as annual recurring revenue (ARR) demonstrate how much money you may anticipate from annual subscriptions. Similarly, ARR is the annualized equivalent of MRR, which represents calendar-year revenues.

Mar 01, 202240.6K Shares676.9K ViewsWritten By: Alastair Martin
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  1. ARR Definition
  2. How To Calculate ARR
  3. ARR Formula
  4. ARR Vs. MRR
  5. It's Important To Keep Track Of Your Regular Income
  6. Conclusion

MRR and ARR(short for monthly and annual recurring revenue) are two of the key reasons why we all work in SaaS.It's possible to keep developing and constructing something beautiful with recurring income, which allows us to expand at a steady pace over time.

Although this momentum indicator seems to be straightforward to compute, we've observed that a lot of SaaS firms are erroneously estimating their ARR.Two out of every five SaaS firms we surveyed were included or excluding things from their yearly recurring revenue projections that they shouldn't have been.

It is possible to mislead your investors, staff, or advisers about the health and direction of your firm if you do not accurately calculate MRR/ARR.In order to receive the most accurate image of your SaaS business' health, let's take a closer look at MRR/ARR, how tocalculate it and how to improve it.

What is ARR? Annual recurring revenue explained

ARR Definition

Revenue from existing subscriptions, expressed as an annual average, is what's known as an organization's "annual recurring revenue" (ARR).It provides a snapshot of your company's performance over time, allowing you to better predict your future growth.For SaaS, ARR and MRR (monthly recurring revenue) often go hand in hand.

How To Calculate ARR

Formula of ARR
Formula of ARR

All of your company's recurring revenue is factored into the ARR formula.In order to compute ARR, just multiply the amount of annual subscription revenues by the amount of expansion revenue obtained, and then deduct the amount of churn.

ARR Formula

ARR is calculated by subtracting the annual subscription fee from the recurring income generated by new clients.

Customer subscription prices are impacted by expansion revenue (recurring costs connected to upsells, upgrades, and add-ons), thus it must be mentioned.

Although this computation is quite simple, many SaaS firms are wrongly calculating their ARR.Recurring revenue elements that should not be included in the calculation are to blame for this.

If your estimates are erroneous, you'll receive the false impression of the health and development of your business.As a result, your stakeholders and prospective investors may get false information, which can have a negative impact on your business in the long term.

As there are 12 months in a year, many organizations use the MRR (monthly recurring revenue) statistic to determine their ARR (annual recurring revenue).For example, seasonality or other factors may cause sales cycles to fluctuate over short periods of time. This can have an impact on customer acquisition and churn rates.You can't use one month's MRR as a basis for calculating MRR for the rest of the year because it isn't representative of how your business typically operates over that period of time.

What You Should Include In ARR Calculations

  • Any recurring subscriptions
  • Upgraded accounts
  • Downgraded accounts
  • Revenue that was lost due to churned customers

What You Shouldn’t Include In ARR Calculations

  • Set-up fees
  • Revisions to accounts
  • Discounts
  • Recurring enhancements
  • Anything else that isn't a regular fee

To accurately estimate and communicate your company's health to potential investors, you'll need to be as honest and upfront as possible with your ARR calculations.


There is a lot of overlap between the ARR and the MRR statistic (MRR).Aside from how long they've been standardized for, these two measures couldn't be more similar (year vs. month).It is thus possible to determine the short-term evolution of an organization using ARR and MRR.

Management and investors alike look to ARR as an important statistic for a company's success.The metric may be used by managers to assess the overall health of the company.An additional benefit of using ARR is that it may be used to evaluate the company's long-term business plans.

This indicator may be used by investors to assess a company's performance against its rivals and to compare it to its own over time because of its predictability and stability.

It's Important To Keep Track Of Your Regular Income

Tracking both MRR and ARR helps you to prepare for the short and long term.However, firms with an annual recurring revenue (ARR) of $10 million or more tend to view their recurring revenue (as well as the majority of their indicators) on an annual basis.Companies with an annual revenue less than $10 million ARR are more likely to concentrate on monthly recurring revenue (MRR).Despite their apparent similarities, the two might serve quite distinct purposes inside your company.


A subscription-based company's ARR is a critical measure.In addition to keeping tabs on your company's general health, this data will show you whether or not the decisions you make have a positive or negative impact on its development.A company's capacity to expand is measured in part by the amount of recurring revenue it generates.

Keeping tabs on these shifts is essential for figuring out the best course of action for your business.It's easier to create better products and build a better team if you have a steady flow of income coming in.Your organization won't be able to assess its long-term performance without using ARR as a starting point.

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