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How To Find The Best Self-Employed Health Insurance Plan In 2024

Understanding the avenues available for self-employed health insurance becomes paramount, ensuring comprehensive coverage without the safety net of employer-sponsored plans.

Jan 26, 20243K Shares43K ViewsWritten By: Alastair MartinReviewed By: James Smith
Jump to
  1. What Is Self-Employed Health Insurance?
  2. Health Insurance Options When Self-Employed
  3. Best Companies For Self-Employed Health Insurance
  4. Oscar
  5. Kaiser Permanente
  6. Aetna
  7. Self-Employed Health Insurance Tips
  8. FAQs - Self-employed Health Insurance
  9. Final Words
How To Find The Best Self-Employed Health Insurance Plan In 2024

Embarking on the entrepreneurial journey as a self-employed individual is a liberating experience, offering autonomy and flexibility. However, navigating the realm of health insurance in this scenario can be a challenge.

Unlike traditional employment where benefits are often provided, self-employed individuals must chart their course through a myriad of options.

In this landscape, understanding the avenues available for self-employed health insurancebecomes paramount, ensuring comprehensive coverage without the safety net of employer-sponsored plans.

Let's delve into the intricacies and considerations that come with securing health insurance in the realm of self-employment.

What Is Self-Employed Health Insurance?

Self-employed health insurance is simply personal health insurance that you may get for yourself (and your family). Individual health insurance is just another name for individual coverage as opposed to group coverage. You are self-employed if you make moneyfrom a company or a freelancing work but do not have any employees.

For those navigating the entrepreneurial journey, the individual Health Insurance opens doors to flexible and top-tier health coverage tailored to the unique needs of self-employed individuals. This option is designed to cater to freelancers, consultants, independent contractors, and anyone steering their own businessship without additional employees.

Upon completing a Health Insurance application, the self-employed gain insights into their eligibility for premium tax credits and other cost-saving measures on health plans, all contingent on their income and household size. Additionally, individuals can explore the possibility of qualifying for Medicaid and CHIP programs, offering free or low-cost coverage based on income, household size, and various factors.

This offers a spectrum of coverage categories, ranging from plans with low premiums that provide essential protection for worst-case scenarios to those with higher monthly payments but reduced out-of-pocket expenses for healthcare services.

Crucially, when filling out the Health Insurance application, self-employed individuals are required to estimate their net self-employment income. This approach ensures that savings align with the projected income for the coverage year rather than relying on the previous year's financial data.

Recognizing the inherent challenge of predicting income for the upcoming months or year, particularly for those in the self-employed realm, Health Insurance accommodates these uncertainties. This flexibility empowers self-employed individuals to access quality health coverage without the constraints of traditional employer-sponsored plans.

Health Insurance Options When Self-Employed

Federal Or State Health Insurance Marketplace

Embarking on the quest for self-employed health insurance? Your ideal starting point is the federal government's health insurance marketplace—HealthCare.gov. This marketplace, an integral facet of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), serves as a centralized hub where you can peruse and enroll in private health insurance plans tailored to your needs.

While most states utilize HealthCare.gov, it's noteworthy that 17 states boast their own marketplace websites for residents. If you reside in California, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Idaho, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, or Washington, you'll navigate your insurance journey through the state-specific platform.

Here's a glimpse of the benefits awaiting you at HealthCare.gov:

  • Premium Assistance:Discover whether you qualify for lower health insurance premiums or an advance premium tax credit (APTC) to ease the financial burden. The APTC is income-dependent and serves as a powerful tool in reducing your health insurance premium.
  • Child Coverage with CHIP:If you have children, HealthCare.gov facilitates the enrollment process for the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Determine your eligibility and ensure your little ones receive the coverage they deserve.

As you embark on this health insurance odyssey, remember that HealthCare.gov is not just a platform; it's a gateway to tailored solutions that align with your unique self-employed journey.

Federal Programs


Medicaid, a federal initiative, offers free insurance to individuals with incomes below 138% of the federal poverty level. Factors such as disabilities and family size play a role in determining eligibility. The maximum income for individuals is $20,120 and $41,400 for a family of four.


Tailored for individuals aged 65 and above, Medicare is government-sponsored health care. While a premium is applicable based on your tax history, Medicare emerges as a viable option if employer-provided insurance isn't on the table.

Military Programs

Serving active-duty service members, their families, National Guard, Reserve members, military retirees, and their families, TRICARE stands as a federal health insurance program. Veterans can investigate VA coverage and possibly purchase additional insurance.

Short-Term Medical Plans

If your stint of self-employment is brief, short-term health insurance becomes a viable solution. These plans, which offer flexibility outside of regular enrollment periods and lower monthly premiums compared to COBRA, cover periods from three months to a year.

Limited-Benefit Plans

Beware of limited-benefit health insurance plans, also known as mini-med plans. While they may come at a lower price, they cover only specific health issues, leaving you with substantial out-of-pocket costs for most health needs.

Private Health Insurance

Tailored plans for the self-employed are available from certain insurance providers, offering comprehensive benefits at an affordable rate. Consult an independent insurance agent to find a plan that aligns with your needs and budget.

Health Care Sharing Ministries

Health care sharing ministries operate as collective funds where members pool resources to cover major health care costs. Although potentially cost-effective, the Affordable Care Act may not have any regulations for these plans, which could have an impact on preexisting condition coverage.

Membership Organizations

Some membership organizations, like freelancers' unions, offer discounted health insurance. However, scrutinize the terms and coverage to ensure it aligns with your requirements.

Direct Enrollment or Private Exchanges

Bypassing federal or state marketplaces, direct enrollment or private exchanges enable you to purchase plans directly from insurance companies online. Exercise caution, as options may be limited compared to public exchanges.


If you recently lost your job, COBRA health insurance allows you to retain your previous employer's health plan for a specified period. While providing continuity, be prepared for increased monthly costs without employer contributions.

Best Companies For Self-Employed Health Insurance

Blue Cross Blue Shield

Blue Cross Blue Shield (BCBS) is the best option for self-employed people because of its low cost, countrywide availability, diversity of plan types and metal levels, and above-average third-party customer satisfaction ratings.

BCBS has the lowest-cost silver plans of any insurer assessed, making it an excellent alternative for older persons establishing or winding down a company while waiting for Medicare. With coverage in 36 states and a network of 1.7 million healthcare providers, BCBS is also the top-ranked provider for the finest health insurance companies.

Health maintenance organization (HMO), preferred provider organization (PPO), exclusive provider organization (EPO), and point-of-sale (POS) plans, as well as six metal levels, are available to ACA exchange shoppers. For contractors traveling abroad, BCBS also provides catastrophic plans, short-term coverage, and travel medical insurance.

Third-party evaluations of the plans are largely positive, with above-average NCQA scores. However, since BCBS is a conglomerate, member experiences vary by location. According to the J.D. Power 2023 U.S. Commercial Member Health Plan Study, BCBS ranks first in Kansas City, Missouri, Connecticut, Ohio, Florida, and Washington, D.C. However, in other areas, it rates below average.


Oscar is a top-rated copay provider, with the lowest physician-visit copays among the firms we evaluated. It provides a broad range of health management programs, a handy health app for refills, awards, and more, and most plans include $0 virtual primary and urgent care.

Users may also communicate their care team, renew medicines, and obtain virtual urgent care while traveling via the app. Oscar also offers incentivesranging from $25 to $100 a year for meeting daily step objectives. It provides a number of different plan types and medical management programs, including weight-loss programs.

However, Oscar's NCQA rating for member experience is 2.75 out of 5 stars, which is worse than that of the majority of rivals. Furthermore, Oscar plans are only accessible in 18 states and cannot be utilized to schedule a $0 primary-care doctor appointment outside of the state of residence.

Kaiser Permanente

Kaiser Permanente is a low-cost plan with high reviews that has the lowest rates in most quotations. It has the highest average NCQA rating of any provider assessed and is the only one with a rating higher than four stars.

Kaiser's provider-and-plan ecosystem may help reduce paperwork and headaches, but it is primarily accessible as an HMO, limiting physician and facility options. The plan is the least widely distributed in the country, with coverage available in just eight states and Washington, D.C.

Some customers may be concerned about Kaiser's HMO design since it does not cover out-of-network physicians in most circumstances. As a result, it is advised to thoroughly examine the plan before purchase.


Aetna's Marketplace plans include premium tax credits, free or low-cost MinuteClinic walk-in services, and high customer satisfaction ratings in numerous key markets. These plans are available via the federal Marketplace and offer the essential health coverage listed in the Affordable Care Act.

Aetna has better-than-average rates across a broad range of plans, with bronze plans and 45 and 60-year-olds having the lowest prices. In addition, the firm provides a variety of $0 MinuteClinic services, such as a quarterly $25 allowance for CVS-branded wellness goods and 20% off CVS Health brand products.

Aetna provides HMO, PPO, and EPO plans, as well as a variety of medical management programs for specific diseases. The company's average NCQA rating is 3.46 out of 5 stars, and it was named first in customer servicein various big U.S. areas in the 2023 J.D. Power Survey.

However, Aetna is only accessible in 12 states, and many of the plan's top benefits may be unavailable if you live far from a CVS.

Health Insurance form, stethoscope, calculator and dollars
Health Insurance form, stethoscope, calculator and dollars

Self-Employed Health Insurance Tips

Navigating the world of self-employed health insurance can be daunting, but fear not—you're not alone in this journey. As your own HR director, you have the power to make informed decisions about your health coverage. Here are some unique tips to guide you through the process:

Explore Supportive Agencies

The self-employed often grapple with a sense of isolation and uncertainty. Combat this by connecting with organizations that cater to your needs, such as the National Association for the Self-Employed.

Membership in such organizations could unlock benefits like discounted health insurance plans, Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), and additional support.

Harness The Power Of Tax Deductions

Individuals who are self-employed may benefit from the self-employed health insurance income tax deduction, which enables them to deduct 100% of their health insurance premiums from their adjusted gross income when submitting their yearly income taxes.

Individuals and their dependents are not eligible for this deduction, nor are small companies. Individuals must demonstrate no other kinds of health insurance coverage, personal health insurance coverage, and self-employment income to qualify. If you have numerous self-employment income sources, only claim the deduction for the one with the greatest income.

If you're having trouble paying taxes as a self-employed person, there are some useful hints on how tosubmit freelance taxes as well as the ins and outs of filing quarterly taxes. Remember that this deduction is only available to people and their dependents, not to small companies.

Embrace High-Deductible Health Plans

Opting for a health insurance plan with a high deductible can translate to lower monthly premiums, reducing your monthly expenses. However, it's crucial to ensure you can cover the higher deductible when needed.

Consider coupling this with a Health Savings Account (HSA), a tax-advantaged savings account linked to a high-deductible health plan. Your HSA funds can be used for qualifying medical expenses tax-free.

Seek Expert Advice From Independent Agents

Don't leave the search for the best health insurance plan to chance or the vast expanse of the internet. Enlist the expertise of independent insurance agents, especially those affiliated with trusted programs like RamseyTrusted.

These professionals can guide you through your health care options, ensuring you secure the best health insurance quotes tailored to your entrepreneurial journey.

Remember, being self-employed comes with challenges, but with the right strategies, you can navigate the realm of health insurance with confidence and financial savvy.

FAQs - Self-employed Health Insurance

Is Health Insurance Tax Deductible For Self-employed Individuals?

Self-employed individuals can often benefit from the health insurance tax deduction, allowing them to deduct a portion of their premiums from their adjusted gross income.

What Are The Advantages Of Health Care Sharing Ministries For The Self-employed?

Health care sharing ministries can be an option for self-employed individuals, offering cost savings on premiums, but it's essential to understand their unique structure and coverage limitations.

How Does COBRA Work For Self-employed Individuals?

COBRA provides a way for recently unemployed individuals, including the self-employed, to maintain their previous employer's health plan for a limited period, but it comes with considerations like increased monthly costs.

Are There Specific Health Insurance Options For Freelancers And Independent Contractors?

Freelancers and independent contractors can explore tailored health insurance options through membership organizations or private exchanges, catering to the unique needs of self-employed professionals.

What Role Do Independent Insurance Agents Play In Helping The Self-employed Find Suitable Health Coverage?

Independent insurance agents, particularly those affiliated with trusted programs, can guide self-employed individuals through the complexities of health insurance, helping them find the most suitable plans for their needs.

Final Words

Self-employed health insurance takes center stage as a crucial consideration for individuals forging their path. From exploring federal programs like Medicaid and Medicare to evaluating short-term plans and the benefits of health care sharing ministries, the options are diverse and nuanced.

As a self-employed individual, the key lies in aligning personal health needs with available coverage options. Whether leveraging the self-employed health insurance tax deduction or seeking guidance from independent insurance agents, making informed decisions is pivotal.

Navigating this terrain demands diligence, but with the right insights, self-employed individuals can secure health coverage that aligns with their unique needs and empowers them on their entrepreneurial journey.

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